Dewatering motor

An indigenous technical device placed at the edge of the Kayalnilam for pumping water out from low-lying areas to the major canals or backwaters. It consists of a submerged brass vessel that sucks water out and is run by an electric motor kept inside the pump house. The sucked water flows out through a rectangular…

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Tsùn – 圳

An open waterway that provides clean fresh water for drinking and irrigational use. Small ones are called “Kau 溝”, big ones are called called “Tsùn 圳”. Project: Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System, Taiwan Climate: Tropical savanna climate with dry-winter characteristics Year: proximity 1839 Water type: river water Landscape type: river plain Altitude: 0-20 m.a.s.l. (meters above…

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Pi – 陂

Water gate that regulates water between irrigation ditches. Project: Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System, Taiwan Climate: Tropical savanna climate with dry-winter characteristics Year: 1839 Water type: river water Landscape type: river plain Altitude: 0-20 m.a.s.l. (meters above sea level) Soil condition: alluvial soil Materials: brick, metal, wood Period: permanent Form: Point Use or Function: control

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Kampung Naga

An integrated living system of a traditionalSundanese hamlet in West Java, Indonesia. Ayu Tri Prestasia and Boomi Kim The spatial organization of Kampung Naga is influenced by its location on the valley. The topographical characteristics of the site defines the vertical zonation of the hamlet, which is closely related to the utilization of the landscape…

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Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System

A traditional irrigation system that set thethe foundation of Kaohsiung City. Man-Chuan Sandy Lin The growth of Kaohsiung is closely related to its irrigation system. The Ksôkong Tsùn irrigation system is a traditional water management and irrigation system used for the purpose of agriculture. The system dates back in 19th century and it has been…

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Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

A traditional water-land utilization techniquedeveloped by Chinese ancestors. Rapa Surajas The map illustrates the landscape condition of the area which is located inside the Lixiahe plain. The geographical condition is a low-lying area surrounded by higher land as the borders. Lixiahe plain is highly influenced by the rivers and the Yellow Sea since it is…

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Kuttanad Kayalnilam Agrosystem

A traditional paddy farming systembelow sea level. Naeema Ali The birth of the cultural landscape was marked by the onset of the land reclamation process, locally known as “Kayalkuthu”. When the region encountered acute food shortage in the late 1800s, the virgin landscapes were considered as a gift from the backwaters and were brought to…

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Kamalir and Nandur

Kamalir is cleaning waterways from weeds and parasites. It is done by the men in Kampung Naga as part of regular community activities before the planting season. Nandur is the activity of planting rice in the fields. This includes regulating the amount of water collected in each parcel to suit the needs of rice seeds…

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