Angkor Hydraulic City

The world’s most extensive medieval sacred water management network of the ancient Kmer Empire. Krit Thienvutichai Angkor Wat is one of the most important archaelogical sites in Southeast Asia. WIth impressive monuments, several different ancient urban plans and large water reservoirs, the site is a unique concentration of features testifying to an exceptional civilization (UNESCO).…

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The New Dutch Waterline

Water as a defence line comprised of a system of waterworks for inundating and military elements for troops. Huadong Zhu The New Dutch Waterline was built to defend Holland, the west part of the Netherlands and it is 85 km long. Large areas of agricultural land (polders) were flooded with a layer of approximately 40-60…

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Stepwells of Jaipur

Exploring into the ancient water wisdom of Jaipur Rajasthan, India. Anubhuti Chandna Jaipur is one of the first planned city of northern India based on the principles of “Shilpa Shastra”, in fact “Jaipur clearly represents a dramatic departure from extant medieval cities with its ordered, grid-like structure – broad streets, criss-crossing at right anglese, earmarked…

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Aboriginal Eel Aquaculture

Aboriginal eel aquaculture system inGunditjmara Country, South West Victoria, Australia. María José Zúñiga The Budj Bim Cultural Landscape is located in the Country of the Gunditjmara aboriginal people in Victoria, Australia. Budj Bim (known today as Mount Eccles) is the volcano that thousands of years ago caused an extensive lava flow that transformed the landscape…

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Kampung Naga

An integrated living system of a traditionalSundanese hamlet in West Java, Indonesia. Ayu Tri Prestasia and Boomi Kim The spatial organization of Kampung Naga is influenced by its location on the valley. The topographical characteristics of the site defines the vertical zonation of the hamlet, which is closely related to the utilization of the landscape…

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Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System

A traditional irrigation system that set thethe foundation of Kaohsiung City. Man-Chuan Sandy Lin The growth of Kaohsiung is closely related to its irrigation system. The Ksôkong Tsùn irrigation system is a traditional water management and irrigation system used for the purpose of agriculture. The system dates back in 19th century and it has been…

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Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

A traditional water-land utilization techniquedeveloped by Chinese ancestors. Rapa Surajas The map illustrates the landscape condition of the area which is located inside the Lixiahe plain. The geographical condition is a low-lying area surrounded by higher land as the borders. Lixiahe plain is highly influenced by the rivers and the Yellow Sea since it is…

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Kuttanad Kayalnilam Agrosystem

A traditional paddy farming systembelow sea level. Naeema Ali The birth of the cultural landscape was marked by the onset of the land reclamation process, locally known as “Kayalkuthu”. When the region encountered acute food shortage in the late 1800s, the virgin landscapes were considered as a gift from the backwaters and were brought to…

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Delhi Sultanate Waterworks

Ancient network of water harvestingstructures in Delhi, India. Tanvi Gupta Delhi is located in the Northern part of India being continuously inhabited since the 6th century B.C. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as the capital of various kingdoms, most notably the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal empire. Two prominent features of the geography…

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The Roman Aqueducts

A system of pipes, canals, and supporting structures used to convey water from its source to its main distribution point. Camilla Di Nicola The Roman Aqueduct systems were built over a period of about 500 years, from 312 B.C. to A.D. 226. Both public and private funds paid for construction. The city of Rome had…

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