Angkor Hydraulic City

The world’s most extensive medieval sacred water management network of the ancient Kmer Empire. Krit Thienvutichai Angkor Wat is one of the most important archaelogical sites in Southeast Asia. WIth impressive monuments, several different ancient urban plans and large water reservoirs, the site is a unique concentration of features testifying to an exceptional civilization (UNESCO).…

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The New Dutch Waterline

Water as a defence line comprised of a system of waterworks for inundating and military elements for troops. Huadong Zhu The New Dutch Waterline was built to defend Holland, the west part of the Netherlands and it is 85 km long. Large areas of agricultural land (polders) were flooded with a layer of approximately 40-60…

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Stepwells of Jaipur

Exploring into the ancient water wisdom of Jaipur Rajasthan, India. Anubhuti Chandna Jaipur is one of the first planned city of northern India based on the principles of “Shilpa Shastra”, in fact “Jaipur clearly represents a dramatic departure from extant medieval cities with its ordered, grid-like structure – broad streets, criss-crossing at right anglese, earmarked…

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Dewatering motor

An indigenous technical device placed at the edge of the Kayalnilam for pumping water out from low-lying areas to the major canals or backwaters. It consists of a submerged brass vessel that sucks water out and is run by an electric motor kept inside the pump house. The sucked water flows out through a rectangular…

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Tsùn – 圳

An open waterway that provides clean fresh water for drinking and irrigational use. Small ones are called “Kau 溝”, big ones are called called “Tsùn 圳”. Project: Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System, Taiwan Climate: Tropical savanna climate with dry-winter characteristics Year: proximity 1839 Water type: river water Landscape type: river plain Altitude: 0-20 m.a.s.l. (meters above…

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Pi – 陂

Water gate that regulates water between irrigation ditches. Project: Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System, Taiwan Climate: Tropical savanna climate with dry-winter characteristics Year: 1839 Water type: river water Landscape type: river plain Altitude: 0-20 m.a.s.l. (meters above sea level) Soil condition: alluvial soil Materials: brick, metal, wood Period: permanent Form: Point Use or Function: control

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Aboriginal Eel Aquaculture

Aboriginal eel aquaculture system inGunditjmara Country, South West Victoria, Australia. María José Zúñiga The Budj Bim Cultural Landscape is located in the Country of the Gunditjmara aboriginal people in Victoria, Australia. Budj Bim (known today as Mount Eccles) is the volcano that thousands of years ago caused an extensive lava flow that transformed the landscape…

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Kampung Naga

An integrated living system of a traditionalSundanese hamlet in West Java, Indonesia. Ayu Tri Prestasia and Boomi Kim The spatial organization of Kampung Naga is influenced by its location on the valley. The topographical characteristics of the site defines the vertical zonation of the hamlet, which is closely related to the utilization of the landscape…

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Ksôkong Tsùn Irrigation System

A traditional irrigation system that set thethe foundation of Kaohsiung City. Man-Chuan Sandy Lin The growth of Kaohsiung is closely related to its irrigation system. The Ksôkong Tsùn irrigation system is a traditional water management and irrigation system used for the purpose of agriculture. The system dates back in 19th century and it has been…

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Xinghua Duotian Agrosystem

A traditional water-land utilization techniquedeveloped by Chinese ancestors. Rapa Surajas The map illustrates the landscape condition of the area which is located inside the Lixiahe plain. The geographical condition is a low-lying area surrounded by higher land as the borders. Lixiahe plain is highly influenced by the rivers and the Yellow Sea since it is…

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