Kuttanad Kayalnilam Agrosystem

A traditional paddy farming systembelow sea level. Naeema Ali The birth of the cultural landscape was marked by the onset of the land reclamation process, locally known as “Kayalkuthu”. When the region encountered acute food shortage in the late 1800s, the virgin landscapes were considered as a gift from the backwaters and were brought to…

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Delhi Sultanate Waterworks

Ancient network of water harvestingstructures in Delhi, India. Tanvi Gupta Delhi is located in the Northern part of India being continuously inhabited since the 6th century B.C. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as the capital of various kingdoms, most notably the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal empire. Two prominent features of the geography…

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The Roman Aqueducts

A system of pipes, canals, and supporting structures used to convey water from its source to its main distribution point. Camilla Di Nicola The Roman Aqueduct systems were built over a period of about 500 years, from 312 B.C. to A.D. 226. Both public and private funds paid for construction. The city of Rome had…

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Fishing valleys in the Venetian Lagoon

A traditional extensive aquaculture system, still in function and spread along the border of the Venetian Lagoon. Amina Chouairi The fishing valleys aquaculture system is located in the Venetian Lagoon, Veneto region, Italy. Their first traces have been found since the first 11th century A.D. Nowadays this extensive fish cultivation system is spread over 8500…

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Smoking trees

Manna Gum and Red Gum trees were used to smoke eels and fish. Existing hollows at the base of a tree were expanded and burnt out forming a chimney. Eels and fishes were hung inside the chimney and smoke from the small fire lit inside the base of the tree would start the smoking process.…

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Gnarraban

Eel baskets were placed in gaps of stone and wooden fish traps with an opening to capture mature eels and let immature eels through. The baskets were mostly woven with Common Reed and Spear grass found in the area. Basket making was commonly performed by women. Project: Aboriginal eel Aquaculture – Gunditjmara Country. Climate: Temperate…

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Kamalir and Nandur

Kamalir is cleaning waterways from weeds and parasites. It is done by the men in Kampung Naga as part of regular community activities before the planting season. Nandur is the activity of planting rice in the fields. This includes regulating the amount of water collected in each parcel to suit the needs of rice seeds…

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Rice husking station

In Kampung Naga, rice is pounded manually using traditional tools. This activity is carried out at the rice husking station which is built on a fishpond. Rice husks will be thrown into fishpond to feed the fish. Project:: Kampung Naga Climate: Tropical – Mild temperate humid Year: Current Water Type: Fresh water Landscape: Plains Meaning:…

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