Angkor Hydraulic City

The world’s most extensive medieval sacred water management network of the ancient Kmer Empire. Krit Thienvutichai Angkor Wat is one of the most important archaelogical sites in Southeast Asia. WIth impressive monuments, several different ancient urban plans and large water reservoirs, the site is a unique concentration of features testifying to an exceptional civilization (UNESCO).…

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The New Dutch Waterline

Water as a defence line comprised of a system of waterworks for inundating and military elements for troops. Huadong Zhu The New Dutch Waterline was built to defend Holland, the west part of the Netherlands and it is 85 km long. Large areas of agricultural land (polders) were flooded with a layer of approximately 40-60…

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Stepwells of Jaipur

Exploring into the ancient water wisdom of Jaipur Rajasthan, India. Anubhuti Chandna Jaipur is one of the first planned city of northern India based on the principles of “Shilpa Shastra”, in fact “Jaipur clearly represents a dramatic departure from extant medieval cities with its ordered, grid-like structure – broad streets, criss-crossing at right anglese, earmarked…

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Kampung Naga

An integrated living system of a traditionalSundanese hamlet in West Java, Indonesia. Ayu Tri Prestasia and Boomi Kim The spatial organization of Kampung Naga is influenced by its location on the valley. The topographical characteristics of the site defines the vertical zonation of the hamlet, which is closely related to the utilization of the landscape…

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Delhi Sultanate Waterworks

Ancient network of water harvestingstructures in Delhi, India. Tanvi Gupta Delhi is located in the Northern part of India being continuously inhabited since the 6th century B.C. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as the capital of various kingdoms, most notably the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal empire. Two prominent features of the geography…

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Kamalir and Nandur

Kamalir is cleaning waterways from weeds and parasites. It is done by the men in Kampung Naga as part of regular community activities before the planting season. Nandur is the activity of planting rice in the fields. This includes regulating the amount of water collected in each parcel to suit the needs of rice seeds…

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Rice husking station

In Kampung Naga, rice is pounded manually using traditional tools. This activity is carried out at the rice husking station which is built on a fishpond. Rice husks will be thrown into fishpond to feed the fish. Project:: Kampung Naga Climate: Tropical – Mild temperate humid Year: Current Water Type: Fresh water Landscape: Plains Meaning:…

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Nyusu Air

Nyusu air – spring water – is the only source of drinking water in Kampung Naga. The inhabitants collect the Nyusu water from the faucet at a platform on a fishpond. Project: Kampung Naga Climate: Tropical – Mild temperate humid Year: Current Water Type: Fresh water Landscape: Plains Meaning: Utilitarian Water workers & users: Inhabitants…

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Latrine

In Kampung Naga, toilet units were built above the fishponds in a communal area outside the settlement area. Each latrine has 2 water tanks that separate water from the river and the spring. Project: Kampung Naga Climate: Tropical – Mild temperate humid Year: Current Water Type: Fresh water Landscape: Plains Meaning: Utilitarian Water workers &…

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